Understanding Keratoconus: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Options

Keratoconus is a relatively rare eye condition that affects the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye. It is characterised by the thinning and bulging of the cornea, resulting in distorted vision. 

In this blog post, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options for keratoconus. We will also highlight the expertise and state-of-the-art equipment at iSurgeon, a renowned ophthalmologist in Johannesburg, who can diagnose and treat keratoconus effectively.

What is Keratoconus?

Keratoconus is an eye disorder that causes the cornea to gradually become thinner and cone-shaped, rather than maintaining its normal dome-like shape. The exact cause of keratoconus is still unknown, but there are several factors that may contribute to its development, including genetic predisposition, eye rubbing, and certain systemic diseases.

Recognizing the Symptoms:

Identifying the symptoms of keratoconus is crucial for early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The most common signs include blurred or distorted vision, increased sensitivity to light, frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions, and the appearance of halos around lights. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult an eye care professional.

Diagnosis and Examination:

To diagnose keratoconus, an eye doctor will perform a thorough examination, which may involve corneal mapping, a visual acuity test, and measuring corneal thickness. These tests help determine the severity of the condition and guide the appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment Options:

Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses: In the early stages of keratoconus, eyeglasses or soft contact lenses can often correct the visual distortions caused by the irregular cornea. However, as the condition progresses, specialized contact lenses, such as rigid gas permeable lenses or scleral lenses, may be recommended for better visual acuity.

Cross-Linking: Corneal collagen cross-linking is a procedure that involves applying special eye drops and using ultraviolet light to strengthen the cornea. This treatment can slow down or halt the progression of keratoconus.

Intacs: In some cases, small, crescent-shaped devices called intracorneal ring segments (Intacs) may be surgically implanted into the cornea to reshape and flatten it, improving vision.

Corneal Transplant: For advanced cases of keratoconus, where other treatments are ineffective, a corneal transplant may be necessary. During this procedure, the damaged cornea is replaced with a healthy donor cornea.

Expert Care at iSurgeon:

If you’re in Johannesburg and seeking expert care for keratoconus, iSurgeon is an excellent choice. They are a renowned ophthalmology clinic equipped with state-of-the-art technology and a team of skilled professionals specializing in eye care. Their expertise in diagnosing and treating keratoconus can help you effectively manage the condition. To book an appointment with iSurgeon, visit their website at https://isurgeon.co.za/ and take the first step towards better eye health.

Lifestyle Tips and Support:

Living with keratoconus can be challenging, but there are several lifestyle tips and support options that can help manage the condition. Protecting your eyes from excessive rubbing, avoiding eye-irritating activities, and regularly visiting iSurgeon for check-ups are important. Additionally, support groups and online communities can provide valuable emotional support and shared experiences.

Keratoconus is a progressive eye condition that affects the shape and clarity of the cornea. While there is currently no cure for keratoconus, various treatment options are available to manage its progression and improve visual acuity. iSurgeon, an esteemed ophthalmology clinic in Johannesburg, equipped with state-of-the-art equipment and a team of experts, offers comprehensive care for keratoconus. By seeking their expertise and following the appropriate treatment plan, individuals with keratoconus can enhance their quality of life and preserve their eye health. Remember to visit https://isurgeon.co.za/ to book an appointment and take a step towards better eye care.